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ALOPECIA AREATA
a.k.a - Alopecia totalis, Alopecia universalis

Alopecia Areata Alopecia Areata on the Beard Alopecia Totalis
ALOPECIA AREATA: Alopecia areata is hair loss of unknown cause, characterized by round patches of complete baldness.

ALOPECIA TOTALIS: Alopecia may also occur as alopecia totalis with complete loss of scalp hair.

ALOPECIA UNIVERSALIS: Alopecia universalis is characterized by the complete loss of all scalp and body hair.

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS: The specific cause of alopecia areata is unknown. A family history of alopecia is present in about one fifth of all cases. Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with autoimmune diseases.

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SYMPTOMS:

Hairs that look like exclamation points are sometime seen at the edges of a bald patch.

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SIGNS AND TESTS:

On occasion, a scalp biopsy may be performed.

TREATMENT:

No fully effective treatments are available.

TYPICAL THERAPIES:

  • Irritating agents may be applied to hairless areas to promote regrowth
  • Subcutaneous (under the skin surface) steroid injection
  • Topical corticosteroids (medium to very high potency)
  • Ultraviolet light therapy

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PROGNOSIS:

Full recovery of hair is common. However, alopecia areata occurring at a young age, prolonged alopecia, or the presence of eczema (atopic dermatitis) often predicts a poor outcome.

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COMPLICATIONS:

Permanent hair loss is a possible complication of alopecia areata.


DISCLAIMER: **This web site's goal is to provide you with information that may be useful in attaining optimal health. Nothing in it is meant as a prescription or as medical advice. You should check with your physician before implementing any changes in your exercise or lifestyle habits, especially if you have physical problems or are taking medications of any kind.